Jesus and the Sabbath P1

Mark 2:27

Then he said to them, “ The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. “

God Instituted the Sabbath as a Day of Rest

It is a day in which one should not do what he ordinarily can do the other six days of the week.

Exodus 23:12

“ Six days do your work, but on the seventh day do not work, so that your ox and your donkey may rest and the slave born in your household, and the alien as well, may be refreshed. “

Deuteronomy 5:14

but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your ox, your donkey or any of your animals, nor the alien within your gates, so that your manservant and maidservant may rest, as you do.

Besides being a day of refreshment, the Sabbath was likewise a day of corporate worship, commemorating God’s goodness.

Exodus 20:11

For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.

As time went on, the Sabbath celebration degenerated into mere legalistic prohibitions which were not God’s original intent. Our Lord explicitly refuted the rigid restrictions which had developed by saying, “ The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath ” ( Mark 2:27 ). The Sabbath was, instituted to bless man and bring honor to God.

The Lord deliberately performed many of His miracles on the Sabbath.

One such miracle was the healing of the infirm man near the Pool of Bethesda ( John 5:5-18 ). According to tradition it was lawful to carry a sick person on a bed on the Sabbath because the bed was only an accessory, but to carry the bed alone, an ordinary burden, was unlawful. Thus the healed man was criticized for carrying his bed, and Jesus was censored for healing on the Sabbath a man who was not dying. ( Mark 3:1-6 )

The casting out of an unclean spirit at Capernaum also occurred on the Sabbath. ( Mark 1:21-27, Luke 4:33-37 )

Jesus cured Peter’s mother-in-law on the Sabbath after He had returned from the synagogue. ( Matt 8:14-15, Mark 1:29-31, Luke 4:38-39 )

Jesus also healed the man with a withered hand in the synagogue during Sabbath observances. ( Matt 12:9-14, Mark 3:1-6, Luke 6:6-11 )

Both the opening of the eyes of one born blind and the “ making of clay ” which was involved in this healing, brought criticism upon Jesus because they had been done on the Sabbath. ( John 9:1-16 )


The next post will be part 2 of Jesus and the Sabbath.

The following post will be You and the Sabbath.


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